10 Largest Stock Exchanges In The World
Exchanges play an important role in the financial market system. All types of securities ( stocks, bonds, derivatives, etc.), but also goods, products, raw materials, and even electricity can be traded on the stock exchange.
The exchanges provide the necessary transparency and liquidity in trading, with several trillion US dollars being converted daily on the 10 largest exchanges in the world. Exchanges are therefore an important factor in the global economic system
1. NYSE(The New York Stock Exchange)
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is by far the largest stock exchange in the world, also in terms of the trading volume. Wall Street is also one of the world’s most important financial centers. Several billion shares are traded daily on the New York Stock Exchange alone.
The market capitalization of the approximately 3,000 listed companies exceeded the $ 21 trillion mark in June 2017. The Dow Jones Index (DJIA), which is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and has existed since 1884, is not only one of the oldest, but also one of the most important stock indices in the world.
2. BATS Global Markets (USA)
BATS Global Markets, based in Kansas City / USA, was founded in 2005 by Tradebot Systems and is one of the largest operators of multilateral trading platforms. Chi-X Europe was acquired in February 2011 and has been operating under the name BATS Chi-X Europe since then.
BATS Global Markets is backed by a consortium of investment banks Citigroup, Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, GETCO, JPMorgan, Lime Brokerage, Morgan Stanley, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Tradebot and Wedbush.
3.Nasdaq Inc (USA).
The US technology exchange Nasdaq is home to large technology companies such as Alphabet, Facebook, Microsoft, and Amazon.com, which are traded there. The Nasdaq OMX Group was created in February 2008 from the merger of the Nasdaq and the OMX Group.
In total, there are currently more than 3,700 companies listed on the Nasdaq technology exchange that have a total market capitalization of US $ 10 trillion
4. Shanghai Stock Exchange (China)
The Shanghai Stock Exchange was founded in 1990 in the Pudong Special Economic Zone. Most recently, almost 1,000 public companies were listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange.
The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) is now considered the world’s fourth-largest stock exchange in terms of the trading volume and is only accessible to foreign investors to a limited extent
5. Shenzhen Stock Exchange (China)
China’s rise in the global economy is also reflected in the stock exchanges. The Shenzhen Stock Exchange is the second-largest stock exchange in China after the Shanghai stock exchange. From a global perspective, the Shenzhen Stock Exchange is now one of the largest stock exchanges.
It was founded in 1990. The ChiNext index in Shenzhen is an index that particularly houses private and technology companies. This is similar to the US technology index Nasdaq
6. Japan Exchange Group (Japan)
The Japan Exchange Group based in Tokyo and Kabutochō is considered one of the largest stock exchanges in the world. It was the merger of the Osaka Securities Exchange and the Tokyo Stock Exchange. The Japan Exchange Group therefore also operates the two largest Japanese exchanges in Tokyo and Osaka
7. Hong Kong Exchanges And Clearing (China)
The Hong Kong stock exchange is booming and operates a stock market as well as a futures market. It is particularly attractive to Chinese companies due to its access to the capital market. For example, China’s major zinc producer Hunan Nonferrous Metals trades on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange
8. Korea Stock Exchange (South Korea)
The Korea Stock Exchange has grown rapidly in recent years, and more than 2,000 companies with a combined market capitalization of around $ 1.5 trillion are now listed on the Korea Stock Exchange. With over 250 million contracts traded, the KRX is now one of the world’s largest derivatives exchanges.
It is the largest stock exchange in South Korea In terms of the trading volume of shares, the KRX has now overtaken Deutsche Börse.
9. BATS Chi-X Europe (Great Britain)
London-based BATS Chi-X Europe is a stock exchange that has been part of BATs Global Markets since 2011. The pan-European Chi-X Europe exchange was originally launched by Instinet in 2007. BATS Chi-X Europe sees itself as an inexpensive alternative for trading exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that are traded on the London or Frankfurt stock exchanges as well as on Euronext and OMX.
10. London Stock Exchange (Great Britain)
The London Stock Exchange is considered the largest financial center in Europe. The London Stock Exchange Group (LSE Group) is not only the operator of the London Stock Exchange but also owns the Italian stock exchange Borsa Italiana and MillenniumIT.
MillenniumIT is an IT service provider whose technologies are used both on the London Stock Exchange and on the stock exchanges in Johannesburg, Singapore, Turquoise, and the London Metal Exchange. The LSE Group also holds 100% of the shares in the FTSE Group (FTSE 100 Index).